If you told me that the Northern Lights were the only lighting phenomenon on Earth then I would have been in agreement… that was until I realised there were such things as a Red Sprite. Read more about it below (originally published on http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap151220.html)
There is something very unusual in this picture of the Earth — can you find it? A fleeting phenomenon once thought to be only a legend has been newly caught if you know just where to look.
The rarely imaged phenomenon is known as a red sprite and it can be seen, albeit faintly, just over the bright area on the image right. This bright area and the red sprite are different types of lightning, with the white flash the more typical type. Although sprites have been reported anecdotally for as long as 300 years, they were first caught on film in 1989 — by accident.
Much remains unknown about sprites including how they occur, their effect on the atmospheric global electric circuit, and if they are somehow related to other upper atmospheric lightning phenomena such as blue jets or terrestrial gamma flashes.